Understanding Spider Veins – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Spider Veins – Overview
Spider veins are non-functional, damaged veins that may appear on your legs and face. They are blue, purple, or red and appear as thin lines that resemble spider webs. Usually, they are not sore or dangerous, but they can change cause swelling and discomfort in some cases. While spider veins are primarily a cosmetic concern, it is good to know what causes spider veins and how you can treat them.
Veins perform the task of carrying blood back to the heart. Veins have a one-way valve that closes as soon as blood passes through them. The prime objective of the valve is to prevent backflow. However, due to several reasons, the valve may weaken or become damaged. As a result, the blood may not flow in the intended direction and may pool inside the vein. Over time, the collection of blood spreads and branches out, leading to spider veins.
Several potential risk factors can increase your risk of developing this condition. Some of the factors include
- genetic predisposition,
- being overweight,
- sedentary lifestyle,
- Vein damage due to other conditions. –
Usually, spider veins do not cause any physical symptoms such as pain and discomfort; however, the area with spider veins may be tender. However, the condition is more of a cosmetic concern.
Possible Treatment Options
Depending upon the severity, your healthcare provider can suggest one of the following treatments.
Compression stockings and socks are usually recommended to individuals with milder symptoms of spider veins. The pressure through the socks or stockings helps improve the blood flow and prevent further disease spread. Moreover, it can reduce swelling and the risk of blood clots in your legs. However, compression treatment is only recommended if you have spider veins in your legs.
Sclerotherapy is one of the best and most effective treatments recommended to patients having the condition. It is a minimally invasive procedure that involves injecting medicine directly into the affected veins. The solution irritates the vein, which allows the blood to flow into the healthy veins rather than collecting at a specific location. The damaged vein is then absorbed in surrounding tissue and eventually diminishes. The procedure is performed by a specialized health care provider, which eventually helps reduce swelling and ease discomfort. However, it may require multiple sessions before the patient can achieve the desired results.
The procedure does not require general or localized anesthesia. Compression treatment is often used alongside for better results.
Other treatments for spider veins include laser therapy and Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT). However, sclerotherapy remains the most widely used treatment for spider veins.
To find out more about sclerotherapy, call now.